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high quality apple developer account:Game changer? How the recovery fund will shake up EU bond markets


LONDON - The European Union is about to vault into the ranks of the world's biggest supranational issuers after it gave the green light to a recovery fund financed via joint debt, a move that carries the potential to shake up euro debt markets. EU leaders have agreed a deal on a 750 billion euro ($858 billion) fund to address COVID-19 damage; together with its seven-year budget, that unlocks a total 1.8 trillion euro spending boost. Until now, the EU as an institution has contributed a fraction of the bloc's roughly 8.5 trillion euro market of government and agency bonds. But the money it's about to start raising could push its debt levels above that of member states such as Netherlands. "For the first time, the European Union will be a major force on sovereign debt markets," said Berenberg chief economist Holger Schmieding. 1. SUPER SPENDER The EU currently has around 54 billion euros in outstanding debt, having borrowed nothing last year and just 5 billion euros in 2018. But if the entire 750 billion euros is raised on bond markets, issuance could amount to 262.5 billion euros next year and in 2022, with the remaining 225 billion euros coming in 2023, ING senior rates strategist Antoine Bouvet estimates. In comparison, gross annual issuance from the European Investment Bank, EU, European Financial Stability Facility and European Stability Mechanism averaged 67 billion euros per year in 2015-19. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development has roughly $201 billion of outstanding debt. The EU also will borrow nearly 100 billion euros starting in September to fund its SURE unemployment scheme. But the issuance won't significantly reduce bond supply from highly indebted states such as Italy just yet, given it will be spread out over some years. Click for interactive chart https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/editorcharts/ygdpzdrgzpw/index.html Graphic: Common EU debt to shoot up - /zb_users/upload/20200722/skxvi4jatgj111.png 2. AAA ASSET Financing the fund with joint EU bonds marks a big step towards mutualising member states' debt. "Such common liabilities for the European Union are unprecedented in size," said S,

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